As we know, mobile usage around the world is at an all time high. There are 3.8 billion active users of smartphones currently, and over 2 billion Android devices. As of 2021, the Google Play Store hosts over 3 million apps.
For anyone looking to establish a career in Android, this is an exciting time. Android owns a large market share of global smartphones, and pursuing a career in this field can be extremely rewarding.
However, since the competition is high, it is important to approach Android development strategically and take one step at a time to increase your chances of success.
So, how can you become an Android developer?
The quick answer is — learn the tangible and intangible skills required to develop an Android application.
And voila! You are an Android Developer.
However, as you may have guessed, it is not as simple as it sounds. It requires patience, perseverance, and a willingness and to obtain technical competence in multiple programming languages, development frameworks, and database systems.
In this article, we have curated a list of skills you require to become an Android Developer. So let’s get started.
Step 1: Build technical skills required for Android Developer
Here is listing the programming language, software development kit, and database systems you need to study:
Although Kotlin is the fundamental tool and programming language to develop an android app, one must have knowledge of Java to extract its full potential. If you plan to be at the back-end of Android development, learning Java is a prerequisite.
As it happens, Kotlin is designed for Java Virtual Machine (JVM), thus, it is supported by Java. Besides this, you must be thorough with concepts of loops, lists, variables, and control structures that are part of Java. You may download the latest version of Java SE before you begin the actual implementation.
Since all apps store data, it is important to learn how to manage this data. Building expertise in SQL will refine your database management skills. SQL helps to query data, retrieve information, and conduct analysis. Every big tech or android development company uses SQL or a derivative of it, which makes it a highly sought-after skill in Android Developers.
Step 2: Android SDK, Eclipse, and Android Studio
Android Studio is the integrated development environment needed for Android development. Android SDK is a collection of programming tools, libraries, and algorithms required in Android app development. What this kit includes does not require any monetary supplement.
The Android Studio and Android Software Development Kit are available free of cost and can be downloaded online. They don’t just assist in building an app, but also allow testing, and eliminating bugs.
Step 3: Understand How Applications Interact With Other Applications
Web development and app development vary in a number of respects. Going in with just the knowledge of web development or desktop applications is not enough to develop an Android app.
As an Android developer, you need to code every application that runs on the operating system. This is taken care of by the operating system in web development.
An optimal Android app doesn’t require you to pause or restart it when interrupted by a phone call, or a text message. It should be compatible with other applications. It is your job, as an Android Developer, to code an app that can work alongside other apps. This will enhance the user experience.
Step 5: Understand Android Application Programming Interface (API)
Android API contains packages that command functions in accordance with other functionalities like Bluetooth, WiFi, clock, camera, audio recording, etc. Learning them will enable you to code the hardware of Android devices in your mobile application.
Step 5: Write your first iteration
If you choose a topic that you are passionate about, it will reflect in your app. So, take your time and decide what your application will be based on in order to stay motivated till the end. Take inspiration from other apps in the same category. There will be plenty of iterations along the way, but this will only strengthen your skills.
Make sure you test and debug the app. Over time, you can add features and functions to enhance the quality of the app. Also, before testing it on a real Android device, run it on an emulator. You also need to be familiar with Google’s Android design guidelines and interface regulations.
Step 6: Market your app
Now that you have your final product, it’s time to distribute your app. You would need to pay a $25 fee to publish your app on Google’s Play Store. For this, you will need to register yourself as an Android Developer. Apart from distributing on the app store, you can also market it on your website, or on a popular website with a wider reach. Also, understanding the mobile app development trends also helps to stay updated with the latest demand in the market.
Start Your Android Journey Today
Android devices have now expanded beyond personal use. They are used in schools and workplaces as well. Thus, a career in Android has immense potential.
As much as an Android Developer’s job is lucrative, it is also challenging. Learning a gamut of technical languages, and auxiliary tools is time-taking but rewarding.
One needs to be equipped with technical knowledge and implementation skills to harness their full potential.
Now, you may be wondering, how long does it take to become an Android developer? Well, it varies from person to person. You can become a beginner-level Android developer in about 6 to 12 months if you are dedicated..
This is on top of a computer-related degree of course, which spans 2 to 6 years depending on which you choose to pursue.
Learning is an unending process. Especially with technologies that are so prone to disruptions, you need to stay updated and invest in upskilling yourself all along to stay ahead of the competition. So, start learning to become an Android developer today!